Energy Efficiency and the Design Program
As part of the design basis document, the research organization and design team should prepare an "energy efficiency mission statement" to outline the goals, methods, evaluation criteria, and constraints of the facility's energy efficiency measures (EEMs). Establishing priorities and communicating them among all parties must be the first step in the design process. [Barrie, 1996] [Mayer, 1995] ref274 [Cook, 1999]
Even experienced individuals have a natural tendency to repeat what works rather than test new ideas rigorously. The design team should not have prejudices about the laboratory design. Creative energy engineers will use the "mission statement" to find ways of developing opportunities out of challenges. Innovative concepts must be explored at the micro and macro levels as a collaborative effort among the energy engineer, research scientist, and the design team. [Wodka, 1990; Cooper, 1994]
Design programs need to consider energy implications of sustainable features incorporated in the facility. Sustainability, in this context, accounts for the laboratory's environmental impacts from the beginning of concept development through its operational life. With careful integration of systems design, energy savings are maximized and equipment costs are minimized. [Todesco, 1998] [Rosenbaum, 2002]
Excellent ideas for design concepts often come from a facility's eventual users. However, caution is advised since laboratory users have a hard time imagining facilities they have not experienced.
Many laboratory activities are on the cutting edge of technology. The goal of research is to make new discoveries and develop better processes. Because change is inevitable, flexibility is an asset in laboratory-type facilities. [Wodka, 1990; Cooper, 1994]
Functional differences in laboratories