In the Handbook of Facilities Planning (1990), Lindner distinguishes among types of laboratories and typical activities in each. [Lindner, 1990]
Chemistry laboratories tend to break down into the following generic spaces: organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, physical chemistry and analytical chemistry.
These laboratories, sometimes also called life sciences laboratories, serve as work spaces for a host of special research interests reflecting the investigators' research direction. They are distinguished by the support space that is required for each laboratory or group of laboratories.
In most ceases, such support space houses: shared equipment, such as centrifuges, freezers, or gas chromatographs; spaces that need to be separated and enclosed for environmental reasons, such as cold rooms, warm rooms or containment laboratories; or spaces that house specialized functions, such as flow cytometry, tissue culture or autoclaving.
Fume hoods, as well as biosafety cabinets and laminar flow hoods, are used in all areas of bioscience research. Storage for chemicals (solvents and acids) must be provided in accordance with applicable codes.
Physical science laboratories are distinguished from other types of laboratories in a number of ways.
First, there is only a small amount of built-in furniture.
Second, there is an abundance and a variety of electrical power. This, of course, is due to the fact that in most physical sciences research labs the floor space is occupied by an array of mind-boggling apparatus and instrumentation, both home-built and store bought. Almost all of this equipment requires power of varying voltage and amperage... Power and piped services are usually provided from an overhead suspended service carrier.
The scientists will then build the experiment within the empty floor space, connect to the overhead services and provide additional work surfaces with movable tables that can easily be rearranged... [Lindner, 1990]