References: DDC

"Building Management System's Goal: Reduce Energy Use 20%." Air Conditioning, Heating & Refrigeration News, October 1992.

[To visit the Air Conditioning, Heating & Refrigeration News homepage, click here.]

Andrews, J.W., Ph.D.; M. Piraino, and J. Strasser, " Laboratory testing of control strategies to reduce peak air-conditioning loads." ASHRAE Transactions: 1993, Vol.99, Part 1, paper number 3673: 518-528, 8 figs, 1 tab, refs,1993.

Barker, K.A., O. Ahmed, and J.A. Parker. "A methodology to determine laboratory energy consumption and conservation characteristics using an integrated building automation system." ASHRAE Transactions: 1993, vol.99, part 2, paper number DE-93-21-2, 1155-1167, 6 figs, 8 tabs, refs, July 1993.

Curtiss, P.S., Ph.D., Kreider, J.K., Ph.D., P.E., and Brandemuehi, M.J., Ph.D., P.E.; " Adaptive control of HVAC processes using predictive neural networks." ASHRAE Trans., 1993, vol.99, part 1, paper number 3671: 496-504, 19 figs, 3 tabs, refs, 1993.

DeLuga, Greg, PE. "Special Testing: Controlling VAV Laboratory Ventilation Systems (Part I)." Landis and Gyr Powers, Inc., Month 1995.

Ehrlich, P., PE, O.P. Pittel, "Direct digital control systems - specifying interoperability." ASHRAE Journal. Atlanta, GA. Vol. 41, No. 4, ISSN-0001-2491, April 1999.

Hall, G., "Improving Laboratory Humidity Control while Minimizing Energy Consumption." Sensors, May, 1997.

Ho, W.F. "Development and Evaluation of a Software Package for Self-Tuning of Three-Term DDC Controllers." ASHRAE Technical Data Bulletin, Vol. 9, No. 1, Optimal Control Strategies, 1993.

[To visit the ASHRAE homepage, click here.]

Laboratory Control and Safety Solutions Application Guide - Rev. 2. Buffalo Grove, IL: Landis and Gyr Powers, Inc., 1994.

Li, H., Ganesh, C., Munoz, D.R.; "Optimal Control of Duct Pressure in HVAC Systems" ASHRAE Trans., 1996, vol.102, part 2, paper no.3997, 170-174, paper no.3997, 8 figs, 1 tab, refs., 1996.

MacArthur, J.W., Ph.D., PE and W.K. Foslien. "A novel predictive strategy for cost-optimal control in buildings." ASHRAE Transactions: 1993, Vol.99, Part 1, Paper number CH-93-10-3: 1025-1036, 12 figs., refs., 1993.

Mayhew, F.W. "Application of direct digital temperature control systems for maximum system efficiency." ASHRAE Transactions: 1993, Vol.99, Part 1, Paper number CH-93-3-4: 801-807, 3 figs., 2 tabs., 3 refs, 1993.

McIlvaine, Robert W. "Chapter 1, Rooms; Chapter 4, Engineering & Design." Cleanrooms - 1992-2000, Rooms and Components Vol. Three. McIlvaine, Robert W., Sally Halderman, Alpa Bagga, and Joseph Schwartz, eds. Northbrook, IL: The McIlvaine Co., 1992.

[To visit the McIlvaine Company homepage, click here.]

Morris, R.J. and Payne. Retrofit Opportunities for Energy Management and Cogeneration, Ch. 44, "The Billion-Dollar Clean Room Humidity Control Race." Lilburn, GA: Fairmont Press, 1989.

Neuman, V.A. and W.H. Rousseau. "VAV for laboratory hoods - design and costs." ASHRAE Trans. 1986, vol.92, Part 1A: 330-346, 9 figs, 6 tabs, 9 refs. 1986.

Parker J A., Ahmed O., Barker K A. "Application of building automation system (BAS) in evaluating diversity and other characteristics of a VAV laboratory" ASHRAE Trans., 1993, vol.99, part 2, paper number DE-93-18-3, 1081-1089, 11 figs, 2 tabs; July 1993.

Ruys, Theodorus, AIA, ed., Handbook of Facilities Planning, Vol. One, Laboratory Facilities. ISBN 0-442-31852-9. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1990.

Smith, W. "Validating the Direct Digital control (DDC) System in a Clinical Supply Laboratory." ASHRAE Technical Data Bulletin, Vol. 10, No. 1, 1994.

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