REFERENCES: Exhaust Systems

AABC - Associated Air Balance Council, "National Standards for Testing and Balancing Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning Systems." Washington, DC: Associated Air Balance Council, 1989.

[To visit the AABC homepage, click here.]

Ahmed, Osman and Steven Bradley. "An approach to determining the required response time for a VAV fume hood control system." ASHRAE Transactions: 1990, Vol.96, Part 2, Paper number 3421: 337-342, 6 figs., 2 tabs., 6 refs, 1990.

ANSI/AIHA Z9.5, "American National Standard for Laboratory Ventilation", American National Standards Institute, Inc./ American Industrial Hygiene Association, ANSI/AIHA Z9.5: p. 5, 1992.

ANSI/AIHA Z9.5, "American National Standard for Laboratory Ventilation", American National Standards Institute, Inc./ American Industrial Hygiene Association, ANSI/AIHA Z9.5: p. 13, 1992.

Baird, M., "Laboratory Facilities Ventilation and Control Systems Research Study." Siemens Building Technologies, Inc., Buffalo Grove, IL, January 2001.

Bard, Eugene M. P.E. "Laboratory Integrates VAV Fume Hood Controls with Central Building Automation System." ASHRAE Journal, March 1995.

    [To visit the ASHRAE Journal Online, click here.]

Bentsen, L.; R.M. Boyer, "VAV Sashes Help Cut Down on Fume Hood Air Loss." Energy Users News, June 1997.

“Biomedical Research Laboratory Facilities: Guidelines for Planning and Design.”  American Institute of  Architects (AIA), Center for Advanced Technology Facilities Design, #1-879304-95-3, 1999.

Brawn, D.; J. Nickolaus, D. Hatley,  “61% Energy Savings from Fume Hood Management.”  Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, PNNL, 1997.

Building Performance - Fume Hood Retrofits,  Pacific Gas and Electricity Energy Center, eds.   San Francisco, CA: Pacific Gas and Electricity, 1994.

    [To visit the Pacific Gas and Electric homepage, click here.]

Caplan, K. J., PE; G. W. Knutson, PhD, PE;  "Laboratory fume hoods:  A performance test."  ASHRAE Transactions, Vol. 84, Part1.  Atlanta, GA: ASHRAE, 1978a.

    [To visit the ASHRAE homepage, click here.] 

Caplan, K. J., PE; G. W. Knutson, PhD, PE,  "Laboratory fume hoods:  Influence of Room Air Supply."  ASHRAE Transactions, Vol. 84, Part2.  Atlanta, GA: ASHRAE, 1978b.

    [To visit the ASHRAE homepage, click here.] 

Caplan, Knowlton J., PE, and Gerhard W. Knutson, Ph.D.  “The Effect of Room Air Challenge on the Efficiency of Laboratory Fume Hoods (RP-70).”  ASHRAE Transactions, V. 83, Part 1, Laboratory HVAC, 1977. 

Carroll, John, Jr. P.E., C.P.E.  “Designing Safe and Efficient Fume Hoods at Research Lab.”  AIPE Facilities, March, April 1995.   

    [To visit the AFE Facilities (formerly AIFP Facilities) homepage, click here.] 

Charneux, R.M., M. Eng.; “Innovative Laboratory System” ASHRAE Journal, vol. 43, no. 6, p. 48-50, June 2001. 

Crane, J.T.  “Biological Laboratory Ventilation and Architectural and Mechanical Implications of Biological Safety Cabinet Selection, Location, and Venting.”  ASHRAE Technical Data Bulletin, Vol. 10, No. 1, 1994.

Crockett, J.; “ISU2 Team Interacts for System Success.”  Consulting-Specifying Engineer, September 1999. 

D’Cruz, K., “Design Guidelines for Laboratory Exhaust Fans and Stacks .”  ASHRAE Transactions: Symposia, Winter Meeting, Chicago, IL. CH-99-7-4, 1999.

Dodd, D.J. and  P.J. Padley.  “Energy-Efficient Use of Fume Cupboards.”  Applied Energy, No. 41, 1992.

Doughty, D., PE, M. Jacobson, “ISU2 Lab Coursework: IAQ Collaboration.”  Consulting-Specifying Engineer, September 1999.

Eagleson, D. "Biological Safety Cabinets."  Handbook of Facilities Planning, Vol. One, Laboratory Facilities.  ISBN 0-442-31852-9.  Ruys, Theodorus, AIA, ed.  New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1990.

“Examining Fume Hood Performance.” Engineered Systems. Troy, MI. March 1996.

Gadgil, A.J., D. Faulkner, and W.J. Fisk.  “Reduced Worker Exposure and Improved Energy Efficiency in Industrial Fume-Hoods Using an Airvest.”  Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Report. May 1992. 

Ghidoni, D.A., PE, and R.L. Jones, Jr.  Methods of exhausting a biological safety cabinet (BSC) to an exhaust system containing a VAV component.”  ASHRAE Transactions: 1994, Vol.100, part 1, paper no.NO-94-18-3: 1275-1281, 7 figs, 2 tabs, refs, 1994. 

Greenley, P.L.; L.J. DiBerardinis, F.A. Lorch, PE, “Containment Testing for Occupied and Unoccupied Laboratory Chemical Hoods  ASHRAE Transactions: Symposia, Winter Meeting, Chicago, IL. CH-99-9-1, 1999. 

Industrial Ventilation: A Manual of Recommended Practice – 24th Edition.  The American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, Inc. (ACGIH), eds.  Cincinnati, OH.  ISBN: 1-882417-42-9,  2001.

    [To purchase this book from the publisher, click here.]

Knutson, Gerhard W., Ph.D.  " Testing containment of laboratory hoods - a field study."  ASHRAE Transactions: 1987, Vol.93, part 2: 1801-1812, 5 figs, 4 tabs, 5 refs. (AND in Laboratory HVAC, 1995, 23-30), ISBN 1-883413-25-7, 1987. 

Koenigsberg, J., “Optimizing Hood Energy Efficiency Without Compromising Safety.”  R&D Magazine, Vol. 5, No. 5; May, 2000. 

Laboratory Control and Safety Solutions Application Guide - Rev. 2.  Landis and Gyr, eds.  Buffalo Grove, IL: Landis and Gyr Powers, Inc., 1994.

Lacey, D.R., PE.  HVAC for a low-temperature biohazard facility.”  ASHRAE Transactions:, 1994, Vol.100, Part 1, Paper number NO-94-18-4: 1282-1286, 2 figs., 1 ref, 1994.  

Laurin, Lise.  “Clean Air Usage in Automated Wet Benches.”  Cleanrooms For Information Circle No. 22, June 1995.

    [To visit the Cleanrooms homepage, click here.]

Lunneberg, T., PE, “High-Efficiency Laboratory Ventilation.”  E-Source Tech Update, Boulder, CO., TU-98-4; March, 1998. 

McDiarmid, Michael D., P.E.  Variable volume fume hoods - user experience in a chemistry research laboratory.”  ASHRAE Trans. 1990, vol.96, Part 2, paper number SL-90-11-2, 753-756, 5 figs, 2 tabs. AND in Laboratory HVAC, 1995, 39-43, ISBN 1-883413-25-7, 1990. 

McIlvaine, Robert W.  Cleanrooms - 1992-2000,  Rooms and Components Vol. Three. McIlvaine, Robert W., Sally Halderman, Alpa Bagga, and Joseph Schwartz, eds.  City, State: The  McIlvaine Co., 1992.  Chapter 1, Rooms; Chapter 4, Engineering & Design.  

        [To visit the McIlvaine Company homepage, click here.]

McKew, A., “HVACR Designer Tips: Stack Exhaust.”  Engineered Systems, September 1998. 

Memarzadeh, F., PhD, PE, “Clarifying Lab Design.”  Engineered Systems. Troy, MI. December 1996. 

Memarzadeh, F., PhD., PE, “Methodology for Optimization of Laboratory Hood Containment: Volume 1 and 2.”    National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, MD; November, 1996. 

Monsen, R.R., PE.  Practical solutions to retrofitting existing fume hoods and laboratories.” ASHRAE Transactions: 1989, Vol.95, Part 2, 845-851, 6 figs, refs. (AND in Laboratory HVAC, 1995, 65-72), ISBN 1-883413-25-7, 1989.  

Neuman, V. A., PE, “Exhausting the Possibilities.”  Engineered Systems. Troy, MI. July 2000. 

Neuman, V. A., PE,  Laboratory, Fume Hood and Hospital Isolation Rooms - Applications and Systems Manual.  Scranton, PA: The Anemostat Systems Group, 1994. 

Neuman, V. A., PE; H. M. Guven, Ph.D.  " Laboratory building HVAC systems ."  ASHRAE Transactions: 1988 Vol.94, Part 2, 432-451, 10 figs, 3 tabs, refs. (AND in Laboratory HVAC, 1995, 101-112), ISBN 1-883413 -25-7, 1994. 

Neuman, V. A., P.E.; E. Sandru, Ph.D.  " The advantages of manifolding fume hood exhausts."  ASHRAE Transactions: 1990, Vol.96, part 1, 357-360, 1 fig, refs., November 1990. 

NSF - National Sanitation Foundation, "Standard 49, class II (laminar flow) biohazard cabinetry."  Ann Arbor, MI: National Sanitation Foundation, 1992. 

        [To view more information about this reference, click here.] 

Pericich, J.T., PE, “Expelling Exhaust.”  Engineered Systems. Troy, MI. July 2001.

Petersen, R.L., PhD; J.J. Carter, B.C. Cochran, “Evaluating and Designing Exhaust Systems to Avoid Fume Reentry and Adverse Health Effects: Latest Developments.”  Presented at: International Society for Pharmaceutical Engineering, 2000 Interphex Conference and Exhibition, New York, March 2000.

Petersen, R.L., PhD; J.J. Carter, M.A. Ratcliff, PhD, PE,  Influence of Architectural Screens on Rooftop Concentrations Due to Effluent from Short Stacks.”  ASHRAE Transactions: Symposia, Winter Meeting, Chicago, IL. CH-99-7-2, 1999.

Peterson, R.L., PhD, B.C. Cochran, J.J. Carter,  “Specifying Exhaust and Intake Systems.”    ASHRAE Journal.  Atlanta, GA.  Vol. 44, No. 8, August 2002.

Ratcliff, M.A., PhD, PE; E. Sandru, PhD, PE, “Dilution Calculations for Determining Laboratory Exhaust Stack Heights  ASHRAE Transactions: Symposia, Winter Meeting, Chicago, IL. CH-99-7-1, 1999.

Reed, Michael A.  “Conversion to VAV Hood Exhaust Slashes Fan Horsepower.”  Heating/Piping/Air Conditioning, January 1994.

    [To view the Heating/Piping/Air Conditioning homepage, click here.]

Reynolds, S.D., PE; H.E White, “Go with the Flow.”  Engineered Systems, July 2000.

Rios, J.A., PE, “Laboratory Fume Hoods and Air-Flow Control Systems.”  Heating/Piping/Air Conditioning HPAC Engineering. December, 1999.

Rock, B. A., Ph.D., P.E.; K. A. Moylan;Placement of Ventilation Air Intakes for Improved IAQ” ASHRAE Transactions: 1999, Paper No. 4229 (RP-806), Winter Meeting, 1999. 

Ruys, T., AIA, ed. Handbook of Facilities Planning, Vol. One, Laboratory Facilities; ISBN 0-442-31852-9.    New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1990.

Rydzewski, A.J., “Design Considerations of a Large Central Laboratory Exhaust.”  ASHRAE Transactions: Symposia, Winter Meeting, Chicago, IL. CH-99-7-3, 1999.

Saunders, G. Thomas.  Laboratory Fume Hoods - A User’s Manual; ISBN 0-471-56935.  New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1993. 

    [To purchase this book from the publisher, click here.] 

SEFA – Scientific Equipment and Furniture Association, “Recommended Practices for Laboratory Fume Hoods.”  SEFA1-2002. 

Simons, C.G.  Specifying the correct biological safety cabinet.“  ASHRAE Journal, August 1991, vol.33, no.8, 31-34, 3 figs, 2 tabs, 3 refs. ISSN-0001-2491, 1991. 

Smeaton, William H., Michael F. Lepage, and Glenn D. Schuyler.  " Using wind tunnel data and other criteria to judge acceptability of exhaust stacks."  ASHRAE Transactions: 1991, Vol.97, Part 2, Paper number IN-91-3-4: 583-588, 4 figs., 3 tabs., 6 refs, 1991. 

Stuart, D.G., D. Eagleson, and J.M. Eagleson, Jr.  "Primary containment principles and practices."  Proceedings of the Institute on Critical Issues in Health Laboratory Practice.  Wilmington DE: The Du Pont Company, 1985. 

Suhail, Khalid.  “Maximizing the Savings from Economizer Systems (Air Stratification in Buildings).” Building Design and Construction, V. 30, N. 6.  Reed Publishing Co., May 1989.

    [To visit the Building Design and Construction homepage, click here.]

Wendes, H. C.  “Variable Volume Fume Hood Exhaust Systems.”  Lilburn, GA: Fairmont Press, 1990. 

Wilson, D.J.  A design procedure for estimating air intake contamination from nearby exhaust vents.”  ASHRAE Trans., 1983, vol.89, part 2A, 136-152, 5 figs, 12 refs. (AND in Laboratory HVAC, 1995, 137-147), ISBN 1-883413-25-7, 1983.

Wilson, D.J., PhD, PE; I. Fabris, M.Y. Ackerman, PE, “Measuring Adjacent Building Effects on Laboratory Exhaust Stack Design   ASHRAE Transactions: Vol. 104: Part 2., TO-98-15-3 (RP-897), 1998.


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