Further Readings

Friedman, H. and M.A.Piette. 2001. High Performance Commercial Building Systems: Comparative Guide to Emerging Diagnostic Tools for Large Commercial HVAC Systems. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Report No. 48629.

This guide compares emerging diagnostic software tools that aid detection and diagnosis of operational problems for large HVAC systems. The authors have evaluated six tools for use with energy management control system (EMCS) or other monitoring data. The diagnostic tools summarize relevant performance metrics, display plots for manual analysis, and perform automated diagnostic procedures. The comparative analysis presents nine summary tables with supporting explanatory text and includes sample diagnostic screens for each tool.

PECI and Marinsoft, Inc. 2001. "Identification and Preservation of Building Design Information for Use in Commissioning and Operations". Draft Final Report (October 1) for ASHRAE TC 1.5 (Computer Applications) and 9.9 (Building Commissioning). TRP-1032. Prepared for American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), TC 1.5 and 9.9. Other useful PECI resources and publications can be found at PECI Resources.

Discusses the insufficient availability and organization of building system equipment selection, performance and operation, and the need for standard methods and procedures for gathering and documenting data, with a focus on commissioning. Illustrates how highly detailed design information can be. For example, the report identifies over 150 data points for chilled water systems and over 100 for VAV systems. Report presents a detailed data schema for use in a computer-based tool for classification. Reviews related research, industry initiatives, and existing software.

Stum, K. 2002. "Design Intent and Basis of Design: Clarification of Terms, Structure and Use. ( Draft)

Discusses the frequent confusion and controversy about definitions and usage terms for describing design intent documentation, design narrative, design programming, owner's project requirements, basis of design, design rationale, performance criteria, etc.

Tschudi, W.; K. Benschine, S. Fok, P. Rumsey. 2001. Cleanroom Energy Benchmarking in High-tech and Bio-tech Industries. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Report No. 47729.

To understand the opportunities and potential impact energy savings strategies in "high-tech" buildings, Pacific Gas and Electric Company sponsored a project to benchmark energy use in cleanrooms in the electronics (high-tech) and biotechnology industries. Both of these industries are heavily dependent intensive cleanroom environments for research and manufacturing. In California these two industries account for approximately 3.6 million sq. ft. of cleanroom and 4349 GWh/yr. Little comparative energy information on cleanroom environmental systems was previously available. Benchmarking energy use allows direct comparisons leading to identification of best practices, efficiency innovations, an highlighting previously masked design or operational problems.

Wilkinson, R.J. 1999. "The Commissioning Design Intent Narrative". ASHRAE Journal, pp. 31-35 (April).

Early work defining the uses of design intent documentation, with emphasis on the applications for commissioning. Discusses how design intent documentation fits into the broader design, construction, and operation phases of a building's life-cycle. Articulates many of the benefits of design intent documentation, including an important discussion of how it can reduce liabilities of various parties involved (rather than increasing it, a concern that is sometimes voiced).

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